Natural language processing and natural language understanding (NLP and NLU) are components of conversational AI that help computers understand and interpret human language.
NLP and NLU are able to identify, separate and contextualize normal languages (the tongues we speak) from formal or constructed languages (programmable languages like Python and Java). The NLP and NLU processes automatically format words into sentences aligned with our human speech patterns, so the information can be passed back to us.
Natural language processing and natural language understanding draw from multi-disciplinary sources such as machine learning, artificial intelligence, computer science and computational linguistics in order to bridge the gap between human communication and computer comprehension.
NLP and NLU further the understanding of linguistic nuance for computer systems, and allows for the automation and extraction of both information and insights contained in documents to be categorized or organized.